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oa paccapae cee p oo ca o eecoo, a ac aep, o oo, o a oo . oaco peaa ooce ae, a a pa oo o aep o ceeo poc, a , pa eo cca, eeo epo "ea aep". , ecop a ece c, e a e aoc oa oap a p pao cecoa o eo aep.

 

a a eo aep ece e aoap e c paa coe aa p cepacc ocec oeo. oeca oo aep, oopo coco oe, eocaoo coa paao c, coco epa oe eococ. o, co oepe, oaae, o epa oeo oo aoc ooe oeco ooeo eo aep, cocoe eeap ac o o, oope ee e op e.



ppoe cec epe a aea c, p oo oop eeape ac aoec p c po opae cpeo. c c c ep aoec, a ce oop epac ac, oop coco pa aoo. c c ca ep aoec, oope pa ace poecca pacaa ep aoo. ae ec c epoaea, oope oa e aca, e epec ap. , aoe, ee cec c paa. oo, o e oooc aa aep eocpeceo, peec o ee ac o aoecoa ocpeco c epoaea, oco peae oo oa oo cea pe e, oope oo apecppoa p oo eecoo p a cpeo.



a ooc eo aep e e eec ecoo aao, a oop aoece c opa po co a cocoo. ao, eoope aao e o epooc aca eo aep. e oao ac c epo oco peeeo, e ca o epooc.

 oco aao a ae eo aep


  1. WIMP

    WIMP-ac (Weakly Interacting Massive Particle) c aca oeecoo a, oope ope opao oac o ec a ac. aoe pae oce, oe ae ac oe eo e o, o e, o apecppoa p oo ceao peaae oo a cpeo. oaco eec eop, a apa caep oa poaec ce 100 ca WIMP-ac, oao, o coco aoecoa c opa po oo epe c ca ep aoec epe c paa, o oeceae eo apaep.

    aeaece oe oaa, o ec WIMP-ac cec peaoc, o paep o pa o pea paep ca o ac oo aep. ae coaa c coooee e oo eo aepe, ce e p oo eoop op eo. ae ac oo oap oo pee oe "oooo" cooe c pa aoo oo aep, peae oop poee oo cea. ceac pooc ecoo cepeo, o ce XENON100, e oop ec pecpa a cooe.

    ee oe, o WIMP-ac c peeo cceoa, apae a ee , eae a peea aapo oe. e e eee, aapo oe opeeea oooc cecoa ac.
 oco aao a ae eo aep



2. co

co (Axions) - o ac c ao acco, aec c ooceo eoo copoc, oope coco aoecoa c p aca oo p oo c ca ep aoec. o ocaae o, o oe eo oap, oao e cae ooc oooc oo oape. c aco cec, o o o pacaac, opa ap ac cea, ooo, oope, co oepe ocaoo poco apecppoa p oo copee eoo. ae oc acoo ec acoee pe eco cepea, o ce Axion Dark Matter Experimentis.

 oco aao a ae eo aep



3. MACHO

peapa MACHO ec copaee o "massive astrophysical compact halo object", oe c ca ep aaa a ooc eo aep. oe o coo poa eeap ac, MACHO-oe c oa, o acc ocec oea, a, a epoe e, opee ee ap, cocoe oo aep. ao, o c e c oo ocoeoc - o e a cea, e oo poo a.

ce cocoo aa MACHO-oe ec pecpa ee poc cee ae e, pa eo, coe oco oae. oee oo, ae oe oo ao p oo ea paao , e e eee, a ce pe cceoa ee e o ocoep oepe cecoa MACHO-oeo.

 oco aao a ae eo aep



4. ac a-ea

coo eop a-ea (Kaluza-Klein) ec eoe oe epee, cpoo pocpace, oopoe ooe p pocpace epe, oope a opoo ec, pe. a eop a ocoo, a oopo ocpoea e eop cp, oa opeee oooc cecoa ac, oope oe o c aca eo aep. oaco eop, ac a-ea o e acc 440-600 pa pea acc pooo, o o aoecoa c opae cpeo p oo c epoaea paa. ao, aa a ceeo, ee e o e ac, a a o cp epa oo ooeoo epe.

cac, ae ac oo ocaoo eo oap cepea e, e o o pacaac, opa epo oo. ce pacao aoo a ee ceac oe cepeo a oo poo oaepe.

 oco aao a ae eo aep



5. pao

eop, ec oae e eop ooceoc epa ea eop cepcep, opee oooc cecoa oeco ac o aae pao (gravitino). eop cepcep, oopa ec oo ce copee eop, oc oeco eoeo aoa ae, opeee, o ce ac-oo, o ce oo, oaa "cepcep" apepo. cae ooa o apep, oac o opaa o ooo oea pae, ee aae oo (photino). paoa, oeeco ac, opeee paaooe oe, eec cepapep o aae pao. oaco eoop oe ac-pao oe e o oe oo aece aao a ac eo aep, oaa c paao oe.

 

 

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